- Kentucky incarcerates 40% more per capita than the national average.
- Kentucky has 12 State prisons, 2 private prisons, 5 Federal prisons, and one ICE detention center. Some people refer to KY as "the nation's jailer."
- As of 12/31/2019
- State prison: 27,220 inmates
- Jails: 13,000 inmates
- Juvenile: 510 inmates
- On Parole: 15,000 inmates
- On Probation: 54,205
- In Civil confinement: 50 inmates
- Federal prisons: 3,500 beds
- Jails in Kentucky charge up to $5.70 for a 15-minute phone call, reaping profits for companies, while prisons charge $2.10 for a 15-minute call.
- Kentucky prisons and Access Corrections don’t report data on fees to transfer money to an incarcerated loved one.
- People in Kentucky prisons with less than $5 in their commissary and media accounts combined receive postage and writing supplies but must pay for basic hygiene products
- According to research done by the ACLU (2022-06-15 captive labor research report) prisoners are paid $0.48 to $1.58 per day. Inmates on special assignment might receive up to $2.42 per day.
- Inmates who work in UNICOR jobs, which is the industry that employs prisoners in Federal prisons, average $.92 per hour. They are required to use half of those earnings to pay fines such as court costs and child support.
- In Kentucky, there are 12 state prisons, 2 private prisons, 5 Federal prisons, and one ICE detention center. Kentucky-operated facilities had a staff of 4,400 employees and a budget of $620,458,700.
- At the first census in 1790, enslaved people made up 16.2% of the state’s population, and until 1830, the number of enslaved people grew faster than did the white population. By 1860, enslaved people made up 19.5% of the state's population.
- In 1850, census reports showed that of the 761,413 white families, 38,385 (28%) held slaves. KY came in third in the nation in terms of the number of white slave owning families, behind only Virginia and Georgia.
- The brother of emancipationist Cassius Clay enslaved 132 people as per the 1860 census.
- In 1860, the largest enslavement practices were in the Bluegrass region. Woodford County census records show 52% of its population were enslaved people. Jefferson County’s 10,015 enslaved people made up only 12% of the population, but was the highest count in the state.
Harrison, Lowell H. The antislavery movement in Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky, 1978.